This is the harrowing moment an 18-month-old baby was held down on hot coals as part of a Muslim religious ceremony.
The clearly distressed youngster can be seen struggling against a man believed to be his father holding him during the sinister ritual in the Dharwad district of the southern Indian state of Karnataka.
The ceremony in the village of Allapura was witnessed by several men, who are heard in the video chanting as the tot is held on the hot coals with only a few banana leaves protecting him from the heat.
Ironically, the ritual is thought to be intended to protect the child from harm.
Police superintendent Santosh Babu named the baby's parents as Channappagouda Bheemanagouda, 28, and his wife Shivaleela.